How Does a Wireless Dog Fence Work?

The concept behind a wireless dog fence is simple. Its two basic components are a wireless transmitter and a receiver collar.

After the transmitter, which is known as the main unit or control unit is installed, it is time to set the strength of the signal. Keep in mind that there are different maximum strength settings on different wireless models. Remember that the signal is always cast in a circle, with the transmitter existing in the exact middle of the circle. The stronger you set the signal, the larger the circle is.

The Collar

There is a receiver attached to the collar, with a battery installed in it. Depending on the system, the battery can be either disposable or rechargeable. There are two protruding probes on the collar, and when it is fitted correctly it will be coming into direct contact with the skin on your dog’s neck.

The receiver that is on the collar is always intercepting a radio signal that the receiver is emitting. As long as the receiver collar stays within the containment area, your dog will not receive a correction. However, if your dog approaches the border, the following will happen:

  1. Once your dog approaches the boundary, the receiver collar will emit a warning beep.
  2. If your dog continues on and comes closer to the edge, the probes on the collar will deliver a mild, static correction to encourage your dog to go back into the safe area.

And that is the basic concept. You may be concerned if the static shock will hurt your dog. It is mildly irritating but not painful. If you are curious about what it feels like, run across the carpet in your sock feet and then touch a doorknob. It can be described as more surprising than painful.

Dog Training Is Very Important

You can’t expect to just open up your door and let your dog out, expecting him to know what to do and what not to do. No wireless dog fence will work for your dog without some direction from you. In order for your dog to be contained properly, you will need to teach him to respect the boundaries, by retreating whenever there is a beep or a correction. It may take up to 2 months to get him trained, although it is a simple process. Sensitive dogs will learn quickly, whereas strong-willed dogs will take a bit longer. To properly train your dog, be sure to read our step by step dog training guide.

Be Sure to Minimize Signal Interference

Depending on several factors, there are many things that can interfere with the signal emitted by your transmitter. Should this happen:

  • The circular shape of your zone can be lost as the boundary of the containment zone becomes unstable.
  • Your dog could receive a correction when he seemingly isn’t supposed to, which can be confusing to him.

To avoid this from happening, refer to our guide on reducing signal interference.